Wednesday, October 29, 2008

"Science is what you know. Philosophy is what you don't know"

Do you know Science takes its origin from the Latin word 'scientia' which means 'knowledge' or 'knowing'. "Scindo" is its verbal root, meaning 'split'. 'Chyati' is the word in Sanskrit, which comes from the same root, meaning 'he cuts off'. In Greek 'schizo' means, 'I split'. In English, 'rescind' means the same. In other languages French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Russian,.., the the word corresponding to 'Science' also carries the same meaning.

Science is a concerted human effort to understand the world and how it works. Nature
and its phenomenon stands as a wonder. We see with the naked eye that it exists. Johannes Kepler who is best known scientist for planetary motion considered that his three laws of planetary motion as 'heavenly harmonies'that reflected God's design for the universe. This reveals that Scientists accept there is a Creator for Nature and Nature , in its essence, reflects the Omnipotent and the Omnipresent.

Knowledge in Science is gained through research. Scientists collect data from the observable physical evidence and simulate the natural phenomenon under controlled conditions and explain what and how things work.

Let us look into some capsule news about well known Scientists which are not so much
come to light:-

Vegetarians in the West were known as Pythagoreans. Pythagoras (580-520BC) whose theorem on right angled triangle is a lesson every school student learns, practiced one of the first known diets known as vegetarianism. Till the late 19th century, vegetarians in the West were known as 'Pythagoreans'

2. Hippocrates (460-377BC) was the first physician to describe the symptoms of pneumonia and epilepsy in children.

Eratosthenes (276-194BC) was the first to calculate the Earth's circumference. He also calculated the length of the year as 365.25 days and invented the leap year.

Sushruta, a surgeon of ancient India in the 5th century BC, is considered as the father of plastic surgery. Health according to Sushruta is a state of physical and mental well being , preserved by four bodily humours, good nutrition, proper elimination of waste products, and pleasant harmony of body and mind.

Galileo was kept under house arrest until his death as he got into trouble with the church for his book 'Dialogue'. By 1638 he became totally blind and in 1642, he died in the prison @ Florence in 1642.

Louis Pasteur is regarded as the father of modern bacteriology. "Pasteurisation" which is a mild and short treatment to kill microorganism, is credited with his name.

7. Upon Graham Bell's death on August2, 1922, all telephones through the United States 'stilled their ringing for one minute', in tribute to the great scientist.

Edison did not learn to talk till he was four years of age. He started asking " WHY " to explain about every thing he encountered. Edison(1847-1931), always asked that question throughout his life.

Albert Einstein declined the offer for the post of the second president of Israel in 1952.

10.;">Hardy-Ramanujan Number Hardy had to visit Ramanujan (1887-1920) when the latter was admitted in a hospital in England. Hardy travelled by a Taxi with the Reg.No:1729. He remarked to Ramanujan that the Taxi had a dull number. Ramanujan immediately reacted and observed that 1729 is the smallest number which can be expressed as the sum of two cubes viz 1729 = 1cube+12cubes = 9cubes+10cubes.

Professor Eliot of Presidency College, Madras looked at the small boy present in his class in 1903 and asked him how old was he. 'Thirteen' was his reply. Eliot asked his 'name' and the boy's reply was ' Chandrasekhara Venkataraman' more popularly later known as C.V.Raman.

12. Homi J.Bhabba inventor of ' Bhabba scattering' phenomenon died in a pane crash at Mont Blank in 1966. Atomic Research Center was renamed as " Bhabha Atomic Research Center" after his death. bhaba Scattering is one of the most straight forward pieces of evidence supporting special theory of relativity.

Not so familiar Quotes:-

'Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love'- 'Albert Einstein'

13. 'Scientists are religious men because of their faith in the orderliness of the Universe' - 'Albert Einstein'

14. 'Religion, Arts, Science ennoble man's life , lift it from the sphere of mere physical existence and leads an Individual towards real freedom' - 'Albert Einstein'

15. 'How on Earth can you ever explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love' - 'Albert Einstein'

16. 'Immanuel Kant':- 'Science is organised knowledge. Wisdom is organised life.

17.'Science is what you know; Philosophy is what you do not know'-'Bertrand Russel'



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